ASTM F2200 Gate Construction Standard
There are three major components to your automated vehicular gate system: the access control system, the gate operator and the gate. UL 294 sets the safety criteria for the access control system while the UL 325 standard sets the safety criteria for the gate operator. The standard to which automated vehicular gates are designed, manufactured and installed is ASTM F2200: Standard Specification for Automated Vehicular Gate Construction. This standard was written and is maintained by an industry coalition committee consisting of members from the following industry trade associations.
- American Fence Association (AFA)
- Door and Access Systems Manufacturers Association (DASMA)
- International Door Association (IDA)
- National Ornamental and Miscellaneous Metals Association (NOMMA)
This standard compliments the UL 325 safety standard and was written to eliminate or guard against pinch points, entrapment areas, harmful protrusions, etc. It also requires positive stops to prevent gates from traveling past their design limits, methods to insure gates cannot fall over if they become detached from their supporting hardware, etc. Keep in mind that this and other safety standards are written for YOUR protection. As such, you should heed your professional DKS system installer recommendations regarding entrapment prevention and gate construction criteria. To insure this safety, he will check to determine if your gate meets the criteria of the ASTM F2200 standard. Some of these key points are listed below. For a full copy of the ASTM Standard, please contact ASTM directly at 610-832-9585; firstname.lastname@example.org or visit their web site at www.astm.org. Some (but not all) of these gate construction criteria are listed below.
- Weight bearing rollers are guarded or covered.
- All openings in the gate are guarded or screened from the bottom of the gate to a minimum of 72-inches above the ground to prevent a 2.25-inch diameter sphere from passing through the openings anywhere in the gate, and in that portion of the adjacent fence that the gate covers in the open position.
- Gaps between the gate and fence, or other stationary objects do not exceed 2.25-inches.
- Smooth bottom edges.
- Positive stops to prevent the gate from sliding past its design limits.
- Insure that the gate cannot fall if it becomes detached from its supporting hardware.
- Designed and installed so as to not create an entrapment area between the gate and other fixed objects.
- Installed in such a way so that the pillar or column covered by the swing gate when in the open position does not exceed 4-inches.
- Smooth bottom edges.
Insure that the gate cannot fall over if it becomes detached from the supporting hardware.